atoms (Total 1959 Patents Found)

Atoms (1959 Patents Found)
A surfactant composition containing: (a) from 2 to 20% by weight of a betaine having a fatty residue containing exactly 12 carbon atoms; (b) from 3 to 18% by weight of an alkyl and/or alkenyl oligoglycoside; and (c) from 15 to 35% by weight of a fatty alcohol ether sulfate, all weights being based on the weight of the ...
The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of lactic- and phenyllactic-acid-containing, optically active, cyclic depsipeptides with 24 ring atoms by means of fungal strains of the genus Rosellinia and further Xylariaceae isolated not only from fruiting bodies of Rosellinia spp. and Xylariaceae g...
A process for forming a flux of atoms of an element which includes the forming of a target made up of the element and the irradiation of the target by a pulsed laser whose energy density per pulse is equal to or greater than the emission threshold of the atoms of the elements, but which energy density is below the abla...
A process for the manufacture of uniform, phosphonic compounds selected from the group consisting of phosphonic acids having at least two carbon atoms and at least two phosphorus atoms in their molecule and salts of said acids which consists essentially of the steps of acylating PCl3 with an excess of acylating agents ...
A method and apparatus for detecting submillimeter or IR radiation is disclosed. A rare gas, such as xenon, is supplied at its ground state via a pressurized cylinder and an adjustable leak valve into a cryogenically-cooled detection area. The ground state of xenon is double-photon excited to a particularized level of ...
Azeotrope-like compositions consisting essentially of 1,1-dichloro-1,2,2-trifluoropropane and alkanol having 1 to 4 carbon atoms are stable and have utility as degreasing agents and as solvents in a variety of industrial cleaning applications including cold cleaning and defluxing of printed circuit boards....
A composition for bonding metal powders which is used in an amount of at most about 7 parts by weight as the solids content per 100 parts by weight of a metal powder for obtaining a flexible metal powder molding which is capable of tolerating deformation at a radius of curvature of up to 15 mm, the composition comprisi...
Compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein each A is independently linear or branched C 2-6 alkylene or linear or branched C 3-6 alkylene substituted by hydroxy, each D is independently the radical of a diazo component of the benzene, azobenzene or naphthalene series, E is a divalent radical attached to each --...
A method of producing a chlorinated hydrocarbon having 3 carbon atoms, comprising a conversion step for converting a chloropropane represented by the following formula (1) into a chloropropane represented by the following formula (2) by reacting it with chlorine in the presence of anhydrous aluminum chloride. C...
1,133,263. Reforming naphtha; aromatic hydrocarbons; ethylene. STAMICARBON N.V. 19 July, 1966 [26 July, 1965], No. 32430/66. Heading C5E. A process for the conversion of light naphtha comprises contacting the light naphtha with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst suitable for the dehydrogenation of organic materials...
1,256,465. Disproportionation of olefins; olefin/cyclo-olefin co-oligomers. INSTITUT FRANCAIS DU PETROLE DES CARBURANTS ET LUBRIFIANTS. 19 Feb., 1970 [24 Feb., 1969; 20 May, 1969], No. 8062/70. Heading C5E. [Also in Division C3] Acyclic olefins containing at least one group of the formula are either disproportionated ...
  • Can't Find Inventor
  • Basf Ag
  • August 24, 1955
Saturated aliphatic aldehydes with 3 to 5 carbon atoms in the molecule are made by reacting olefinic hydrocarbons containing 2 to 4 carbon atoms in the molecule at raised temperatures and pressures with CO and H2 in the presence of aqueous cobalt salt solutions, the salt solution and liquid reaction products flowing up...
<P>L'invention concerne la mesure de grandeurs inertielles par interférométrie atomique avec, en présence d'un champ d'accélération continue (Γ), l'émission de bouffées d'atomes lents depuis une source (1) unique selon la direction de l'accélération continue et à contresens de c...
For the selective production of propylene from an olefinic C 4 fraction, a process is implemented that successively comprises: 1) the selective hydrogenation of butadiene with isomerization of butene-1 into butene-2; 2) the separation by distillation of a mixture that is rich in isobutene and butene-1 at the ...
An active-matrix liquid crystal display unit in which gate lines and drain lines disposed around a TFT device and a transparent pixel electrode are formed by a metal film including Ne atoms in a Cr film so as to provide a resistivity of 22 μΩcm or below for the metal film and an absolute value of 200 MPa or below for...
REACTION PRODUCTS OF SILICON MONOXIDE AND ACTIVE HYDROGEN CONTAINING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS SUCH AS ALCOHOLS AND AMINES ARE PROVIDED. THE PRODUCTS, WHICH ARE ARGANO SILICON POLYMERS, ARE USEFUL IN COATING COMPOSITIONS, FOR FILLERS IN CERAMIC AND PLASTIC COMPOSITIONS AND AS STOP-COCK GREASES....
This invention concerns nanoscale products, such as electronic devices fabricated to nanometer accuracy. It also concerns atomic scale products. These products may have an array of electrically active dopant atoms in a silicon surface, or an encapsulated layer of electrically active donor atoms. In a further aspect the...
Phosphoric esters comprise A) one or more structural units derived from substances of component a), the substances of component a) being selected from orthophosphoric acid and one or more of its derivatives, B) one or more structural units derived from substances of component b), the substances of component b) bei...
Regions 106 which can be regarded as being monocrystalline are formed locally by irradiating with laser light, and at least the channel-forming region 112 is constructed using these regions. With thin-film transistors which have such a construction it is possible to obtain characteristics which are similar to those whi...
A physiologically acceptable composition containing at least one liquid fatty phase which comprises at least one structuring polymer having a polymer skeleton which comprises at least one hydrocarbon-based repeating unit comprising at least one hetero atom; and at least one inert filler. Said polymer is in particular a...
The present invention relates to a composition comprising a polyunsaturated fatty acid having at least 20 carbon atoms (LC-PUFA) and cells, which composition has a thermal induction time (T.I.T.) of >24 hours at 40° C. The invention also relates to a process for drying a composition comprising cells and a LC-PUFA, ...
A biologically active compound can be solubilized by reaction in different sequences to form a derivative carrying the active moiety, a linking group such as an optionally substituted diisocyanate radical, a polyether moiety such as a polyoxyethylene radical, and a terminal group such as a butyl radical, e.g. ##STR1## ...
Compositions for oxidation dyeing keratin fibers, such as human keratin fibers like hair, comprising, in a dyeing medium, (1) at least one oxidation dye, (2) at least one thickening polymer comprising at least one fatty chain, and (3) at least one fatty alcohol comprising more than twenty carbon atoms. Processes compri...
A lithography process which utilizes metastable atoms for resist exposure is disclosed. Metastable rare gas atoms, instead of photons, electrons or ions, are directed at the surface of a lithographic resist. On impact, the metastable atoms release up to 20 eV of energy per atom in the form of secondary electrons. These...
Stable azeotrope-like compositions consisting essentially of dichloropentafluoropropane and an alkanol having 1-4 carbon atoms which are useful in a variety of industrial cleaning applications including cold cleaning and defluxing of printed circuit boards....
MALEIC ANHYDRIDE AND AN ALIPHATIC OLDFIN HAVING FROM 16 TO 18 CARBON ATOMS, SUCH AS 1-OCTADECENE, ARE COPOLYMERIZED IN THE PRESENCE OF A FREE RADICAL CATALYST AND A SOLVENT SUCH AS A SATURATED DIHALOGENATED ALIPHATIC LIQUID HYDROCARBON HAVING FROM ONE TO FIVE CARBON ATOMS, FOR EXAMPLE, PROPYLENE DICHLORIDE. ENOUGH SOLV...
A pattern forming method comprises subjecting a surface of a semiconductor substrate to a surface treatment for imparting hydrogen atoms, irradiating a desired region of said surface with an energy ray, selectively forming a metal film on a non-irradiated region other than the desired region, and etching said semicondu...
Disclosed is a method for jointly producing (i) formic acid (III); (ii) a carboxylic acid comprising at least two carbon atoms (II) and/or the derivatives thereof; and (iii) a carboxylic acid anhydride (VII). According to said method, (a) a formic acid ester (I) is transesterfied to formic acid (III) and the correspond...
The present invention relates to the use of cyclic depsipeptides having 18 ring atoms of the general formula (I) ##STR1## in which R 1 to R 6 have the meaning given in the description, and to their optical isomers and racemates, in medicine and veterinary medicine for combating endoparasites, to their preparation, an...
Abstract of the Disclosure: A process useful for information storage is described for the time-stable labeling of individual atoms or groups of atoms in the surface of a solid by locally removing individual atoms or group of atoms from the surface of a solid....
A method and apparatus are provided for trace and other quantitative analysis with high efficiency of a component in a sample, with the analysis involving the removal by ion or other bombardment of a small quantity of ion and neutral atom groups from the sample, the conversion of selected neutral atom groups to photoio...
A method is provided for synthesizing silicon-germanium hydride compounds of the formula (H 3 Ge) 4-X SiH X , wherein x=0, 1, 2 or 3. The method includes combining a silane triflate with a compound having a GeH 3 ligand under conditions whereby the silicon-germanium hydride is formed. The compound having the GeH 3 li...
Diene polymers or copolymers having improved raw polymer viscosity and reduced hysteresis in the cured and carbon black reinforced state are provided. These diene polymers or copolymers are prepared by a method which involves first terminating substantially all of the living diene polymer or copolymer chains obtained b...
Branched organopolysiloxanes prepared by reacting an organic compound having minimally three aliphatically unsaturated groups with a stoichiometric excess of an organopolysiloxane having terminal Si-bonded hydrogen is effective as an antimisting additive in the high speed coating of substrates with silicone composition...
The present invention is directed to a process for the catalytic oxidation of the thioether 5-methoxy-2-((4-methoxy-3,5-dimethyl-2-pyridinyl)methyl)methylthio)-1H-benzimidazole to its sulfoxide: 5-methoxy-2-((4-methoxy-3,5-dimethyl-2-pyridinyl) methyl)methylsulfinyl)-1H-benzimidazole comprising: reacting the thioether ...
Continuous processes for monoalkylating aromatic compound with an aliphatic feedstock comprising aliphatic olefin of 8 to 18 carbon atoms per molecule are effected using at least 3 reaction zones in series, each containing solid alkylation catalyst with effluent cooling between reaction zones, each of which reaction zo...
A C 8 aromatic feedstock is isomerized by an isomerization stage conducted at 320-380° C. with a catalyst containing at least one EUO-structure-type zeolite and at least one metal of group VIII, to obtain an effluent containing isomerized alkyl aromatics and about 10-30% by weight of naphthenes. The effluent is then ...